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Isaiah 63

INTRODUCTION TO ISAIAH CHAPTER 63

Edom─brother of Israel thru Esau.  The land of Edom” Gen. 36:16, was mountainous.  It was called  “the mountain of Seir.”  It is a wild and rugged region, and its old capital was Bozrah Isa 63:1.  The early inhabitants of the land were Horites.  They were destroyed by the Edomites Deut. 2:12.  At the time of the Exodus they refused permission to the Israelites to pass through their land Num. 20:14-21, and always maintained an attitude of hostility toward them.  They were conquered by David 2 Sam 8:14, and afterwards by Amaziah 2 Ch. 25:11.  But they regained again their independence, and in later years, during the decline of the Jewish kingdom 2 Ki. 16:6, made war against Israel.  They took part with the Chaldeans when Nebuchadnezzar captured Jerusalem, and afterwards they invaded and held possession of the south of Palestine as far as Hebron.  At length, however, Edom fell under the growing Babylonian power Jer. 27:3-6.  The present desolate condition of that land is a standing testimony to the inspiration of these prophecies.  After an existence as a people for above seventeen hundred years, they have utterly disappeared, and their language even is forgotten for ever.  In Petra, “where kings kept their court, and where nobles assembled, there no man dwells; it is given by lot to birds, and beasts, and reptiles.”  God has deeded all the land of Edom to be a wildlife refuge forever.

Jer 27:3-6  And send them to the king of Edom, and to the king of Moab, and to the king of the Ammonites, and to the king of Tyrus, and to the king of Zidon, by the hand of the messengers which come to Jerusalem unto Zedekiah king of Judah;  And command them to say unto their masters, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Thus shall ye say unto your masters;  I have made the earth, the man and the beast that are upon the ground, by my great power and by my outstretched arm, and have given it unto whom it seemed meet unto me.  And now have I given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant; and the beasts of the field have I given him also to serve him.

No student of prophecy will be satisfied till he learns the full story of Edom.  Genesis 25 records the birth of Esau (Edom),  Rebecca had two nations in her womb, then Jacob bought Esau birth right─Esau’s land inheritance resulted in Esau becoming so embittered that he decided to kill Jacob.  First we see Esau in Sacred History. Then we trace his linage to Mt. Seir, and his nation was known as Edom.  A full list of the dukes and kings are recorded in Genesis  This nation always gave Israel trouble 2 Sam 8:14.  After 7 centuries these nations existed side by side, the older made servant to the younger by David.  The rivalry and cruelty of Edom were not able to keep his stubborn neck from the yoke.  In the days of Jehoram, king of Judah, they revolted.  2 Kings 8:2  Later Amaziah was back at war with Edom. 2 Kings 14:7 2 Ch. 25:12  The Edomites were often subject to the Jews, and the Jews were never the servants of the Edomites.  Thus the prophecy was fulfilled for 13 centuries.  Take a trip up Mount Seir and you will see the ruins of thirty cities utterly laid waste and desolate all of these ruins lay within 3 days journey of the Red Sea.  These cities and their ruins can be viewed on the internet.  The Edomites have disappeared from the earth.  They have not been heard from since the second century.  The land that they inhabited is a God forsaken land that is occupied by animals.  God gave this territory to the animals and tells us that their deed is perpetual.  This territory is guarded by Arabs with a degree of hostility scarcely paralleled.  They do not live there and allow no one else to.  Archeologist write about the numerous tombs,  ancient sepulchers, mausoleums, fragments of columns, ruins of palaces.  Edom is nothing more than a grave yard inhabited by snakes, scorpions, lions, etc.  Esau had married two heathen wives and a daughter of Ishmael.  He hated God and the Jewish religion.  He sold his birthright and was a profane man. He went down the path of superstition and wickedness.  They lived by kidnapping and plunder.  Their  territory was called the border of wickedness.  “From this remote past the prophecy hung over him.  And now his capital city rises up to testify to the truth of heaven.  A city of rock, its temples, theaters, palaces, triumphal arches, dwelling houses, aqueducts, all hewn out of solid rock, presenting one of the greatest lessons in the whole world.  A vast amphitheater surrounded by mountains on all sides, in their native grandeur, lifting their summits five or six hundred feet high, the city of rock, the capital of Edom, (Petra) lies in desolation.  The tombs and mausoleums in number and greatness testify to the fact that long ago kings ruled in that land.  Where are they now?  Shall we believe Moses and the prophets, when we see a city as imperishable as the rock-ribbed hills, her monuments of greatness forsaken, not a foot of man to tread her streets, worship in her temples, visit her theaters or live in her palaces?  This city so singular, so remote in origin, so rich in historical associations, as beautiful in desolation, stands forth as a colossal monument to the veracity of the prophets of God.”  The Prophecies Unveiled by A.M. Morris P.26, 27. (1914)

Now to the testimony of Scriptures.

Gen 25:19-33  Now these are the records of the generations of Isaac,Abraham’s  son: Abraham became the father of Isaac;  and Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean of Paddan-aram, the sister of Laban the Aramean, to be his wife.  And Isaac prayed to the LORD on behalf of his wife, because she was barren; and the LORD answered him and Rebekah his wife conceived.  But the children struggled together within her; and she said, “If it is so, why then am I this way?” So she went to inquire of the LORD.  And the LORD said to her, “Two nations are in your womb; And two peoples shall be separated from your body; And one people shall be stronger than the other; And the older shall serve the younger.”  When her days to be delivered were fulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb.  Now the first came forth red, all over like a hairy garment; and they named him Esau.  And afterward his brother came forth with his hand holding on to Esau’s heel, so his name was called Jacob; and Isaac was sixty years old when she gave birth to them.  When the boys grew up, Esau became a skillful hunter, a man of the field; but Jacob was a peaceful man, living in tents.  Now Isaac loved Esau, because he had a taste for game; but Rebekah loved Jacob.  And when Jacob had cooked stew, Esau came in from the field and he was famished;  and Esau said to Jacob, “Please let me have a swallow of that red stuff there, for I am famished.” Therefore his name was called Edom.  But Jacob said, “First sell me your birthright.”  And Esau said, “Behold, I am about to die; so of what use then is the birthright to me?”  And Jacob said, “First swear to me”; so he swore to him, and sold his birthright to Jacob.   Read:  Heb 12:14-17; Mal 1:2-5; Oba 1:1-17; Eze 35:1-15; Jer 49:14-21; Isa 34:10-17; Psa 83:1-8

EXPOSITION TO ISAIAH CHAPTER 63

1Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.

See my commentary on Amos 1:11 for a description of Edom.  Edom was Esau, who was a brother of Jacob, who was Israel. Predicted in Gen. 27:40  God will not tolerate any improper motive against his people.  This one who comes from Edom is our Messiah─his garments are dyed red with blood.  He is announcing vindication for he marched in the fullness of his strength.  Bozrah was the chief town of Edom.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT AUTHENTICATE THE TEXT:

 

Isa 34:5-6  For my sword shall be bathed in heaven: behold, it shall come down upon Idumea, and upon the people of my curse, to judgment.  The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, and with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams: for the LORD hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Idumea.

Psa 137:7  Remember, O LORD, the children of Edom in the day of Jerusalem; who said, Rase it, rase it, even to the foundation thereof.

Amo 1:12  But I will send a fire upon Teman, which shall devour the palaces of Bozrah.

2Wherefore art thou red in thine apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth in the winefat?

His clothes looked like he had been in a wine press tromping on the grapes─the winepress is a symbol of a blood battle.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

ESTABLISH THE CERTAINTY OF THE TEXT:

 

Isa 25:10  For in this mountain shall the hand of the LORD rest, and Moab shall be trodden down under him, even as straw is trodden down for the dunghill.

Lam 1:15  The Lord hath trodden under foot all my mighty men in the midst of me: he hath called an assembly against me to crush my young men: the Lord hath trodden the virgin, the daughter of Judah, as in a winepress.

3I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people there was none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment.

Jesus says that he had to tread the winepress alone for no man helped him.  No nation had made war with Edom for its wrong doing.  The Messiah says he will tread them in his fury and they will be trod down in his rage.  His garment was stained with Edom’s blood.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

PRESENT OVERWHELMING PROOF OF THE TEXT:

 

Mal 4:3  And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do this, saith the LORD of hosts.  Read:  Rev 19:13-15

4For the day of vengeance is in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come.

The clock had run down─the Messiah had waited long enough─vengeance was mine saith the LORD.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT ARE CONCLUSIVE AND FINAL:

 

Isa 34:8  For it is the day of the LORD’S vengeance, and the year of recompences for the controversy of Zion.

5And I looked, and there was none to help; and I wondered that there was none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me; and my fury, it upheld me.

I looked, amazed and astonished that no one had meted out vengeance, so I took on the job alone.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT RATIFY THE TEXT:

 

Isa 59:16-18  And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him.  For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke.  According to their deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his adversaries, recompence to his enemies; to the islands he will repay recompence.

6And I will tread down the people in mine anger, and make them drunk in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth.

The Messiah crushed Edom in his fury─today Edom is a wasteland and there are no Edomites.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT BEAR OUT THE TEXT:

 

Psa 60:3  Thou hast shewed thy people hard things: thou hast made us to drink the wine of astonishment.

Isa 51:21-23  Therefore hear now this, thou afflicted, and drunken, but not with wine:  Thus saith thy Lord the LORD, and thy God that pleadeth the cause of his people, Behold, I have taken out of thine hand the cup of trembling, even the dregs of the cup of my fury; thou shalt no more drink it again:  But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict thee; which have said to thy soul, Bow down, that we may go over: and thou hast laid thy body as the ground, and as the street, to them that went over.

7I will mention the lovingkindnesses of the LORD, and the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD hath bestowed on us, and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his lovingkindnesses.

The loving kindness of the LORD must never be forgotten or neglected to be taught.  We must reflect upon what he has done for us.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT SPEAK VOLUMES ABOUT THE TEXT:

 

Zec 9:17  For how great is his goodness, and how great is his beauty! corn shall make the young men cheerful, and new wine the maids.  Read:  Neh 9:19-21 

8For he said, Surely they are my people, children that will not lie: so he was their Saviour.

God had high expectations for his people─“surely they are my people, children that will not lie.”  So he became their savior.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT SHED LIGHT ON THE TEXT:

 

Exo 3:7  And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows;

Psa 78:36  Nevertheless they did flatter him with their mouth, and they lied unto him with their tongues.

9In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; and he bare them, and carried them all the days of old.

He rescued them from Egypt and carried them along and put up with them for a long, long time.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT VERIFY THE TEXT:

 

Jdg 10:16  And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel.

Act 7:34-35  I have seen, I have seen the affliction of my people which is in Egypt, and I have heard their groaning, and am come down to deliver them. And now come, I will send thee into Egypt.  This Moses whom they refused, saying, Who made thee a ruler and a judge? the same did God send to be a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the angel which appeared to him in the bush.

10But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

They turned on him and he turned on them and he poured out his fury on them and burnt their strongholds and destroyed their palaces.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

GIVE COUNTEREVIDENCE TO THE TEXT:

 

Eze 6:9  And they that escape of you shall remember me among the nations whither they shall be carried captives, because I am broken with their whorish heart, which hath departed from me, and with their eyes, which go a whoring after their idols: and they shall lothe themselves for the evils which they have committed in all their abominations.

Act 7:51  Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye.

Lam 2:4-5  He hath bent his bow like an enemy: he stood with his right hand as an adversary, and slew all that were pleasant to the eye in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zion: he poured out his fury like fire.  The Lord was as an enemy: he hath swallowed up Israel, he hath swallowed up all her palaces: he hath destroyed his strong holds, and hath increased in the daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation.

11Then he remembered the days of old, Moses, and his people, saying, Where is he that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock? where is he that put his holy Spirit within him?

They remembered the story of the exodus and now they are saying “What happened to his Holy Spirit?”

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT CONFIRM THE TEXT:

 

Num 11:17  And I will come down and talk with thee there: and I will take of the spirit which is upon thee, and will put it upon them; and they shall bear the burden of the people with thee, that thou bear it not thyself alone.

Num 11:25  And the LORD came down in a cloud, and spake unto him, and took of the spirit that was upon him, and gave it unto the seventy elders: and it came to pass, that, when the spirit rested upon them, they prophesied, and did not cease.

12That led them by the right hand of Moses with his glorious arm, dividing the water before them, to make himself an everlasting name?

What happened to this God who took Moses by the hand and divided the water and made himself an everlasting name?

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT CARRY WEIGHT REGARDING THE TEXT:

 

Lev 26:40-45  If they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers, with their trespass which they trespassed against me, and that also they have walked contrary unto me;  And that I also have walked contrary unto them, and have brought them into the land of their enemies; if then their uncircumcised hearts be humbled, and they then accept of the punishment of their iniquity:  Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham will I remember; and I will remember the land.  The land also shall be left of them, and shall enjoy her sabbaths, while she lieth desolate without them: and they shall accept of the punishment of their iniquity: because, even because they despised my judgments, and because their soul abhorred my statutes.  And yet for all that, when they be in the land of their enemies, I will not cast them away, neither will I abhor them, to destroy them utterly, and to break my covenant with them: for I am the LORD their God.  But I will for their sakes remember the covenant of their ancestors, whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the heathen, that I might be their God: I am the LORD.

13That led them through the deep, as an horse in the wilderness, that they should not stumble?

Where is he who accomplished the Red Sea crossing?

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT MAKE THE CASE:

Psa 106:9  He rebuked the Red sea also, and it was dried up: so he led them through the depths, as through the wilderness.

14As a beast goeth down into the valley, the Spirit of the LORD caused him to rest: so didst thou lead thy people, to make thyself a glorious name.

What has happened to this God that led Moses and Israel through the deep sea like sure footed horses running in the wild?

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT INDORSE THE TEXT:

 

Hab 3:15  Thou didst walk through the sea with thine horses, through the heap of great waters.

15Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy glory: where is thy zeal and thy strength, the sounding of thy bowels and of thy mercies toward me? are they restrained?

O LORD, look down from the window of your heavenly palace, and tell us what ever happened to your mercy─your love for us─your compassion.  Where are they now?

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT LEND EVIDENCE TO THE TEXT:

 

Psa 80:14  Return, we beseech thee, O God of hosts: look down from  heaven, and behold, and visit this vine;

Psa 102:19  For he hath looked down from the height of his sanctuary; from heaven did the LORD behold the earth;

Hos 11:8  How shall I give thee up, Ephraim? how shall I deliver thee, Israel? how shall I make thee as Admah? how shall I set thee as Zeboim? mine heart is turned within me, my repentings are kindled together.

16Doubtless thou art our father, though Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge us not: thou, O LORD, art our father, our redeemer; thy name is from everlasting.

We still recognize thee as our Father even if Abraham and Jacob disown us.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT DEMONSTRATE THE TEXT:

 

Isa 64:8  But now, O LORD, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand.

Isa 43:14-15  Thus saith the LORD, your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; For your sake I have sent to Babylon, and have brought down all their nobles, and the Chaldeans, whose cry is in the ships.  I am the LORD, your Holy One, the creator of Israel, your King.

17O LORD, why hast thou made us to err from thy ways, and hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thy servants’ sake, the tribes of thine inheritance.

Why did you let us wander so far away?  Why did you harden our hearts?  O God, please return to us because we need you so.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT AUTHENTICATE THE TEXT:

 

Eze 14:7-9  For every one of the house of Israel, or of the stranger that sojourneth in Israel, which separateth himself from me, and setteth up his idols in his heart, and putteth the stumblingblock of his iniquity before his face, and cometh to a prophet to enquire of him concerning me; I the LORD will answer him by myself:  And I will set my face against that man, and will make him a sign and a proverb, and I will cut him off from the midst of my people; and ye shall know that I am the LORD.  And if the prophet be deceived when he hath spoken a thing, I the LORD have deceived that prophet, and I will stretch out my hand upon him, and will destroy him from the midst of my people Israel.   Read:  Isa 6:10; Deu 2:30

18The people of thy holiness have possessed it but a little while: our adversaries have trodden down thy sanctuary.

This holy house that we possessed for a short time─thy temple─the heathen have chopped its paneling into kindling and burnt it to the ground.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

ESTABLISH THE CERTAINTY OF THE TEXT:

 

Isa 64:11-12  Our holy and our beautiful house, where our fathers praised thee, is burned up with fire: and all our pleasant things are laid waste.  Wilt thou refrain thyself for these things, O LORD? wilt thou hold thy peace, and afflict us very sore?

19We are thine: thou never barest rule over them; they were not called by thy name.

We are your people─the ones that you ruled over─it’s been a long time since you ruled over us.

 

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

PRESENT OVERWHELMING PROOF OF THE TEXT:

 

Psa 79:6  Pour out thy wrath upon the heathen that have not known thee, and upon the kingdoms that have not called upon thy name.

Isa 65:1  I am sought of them that asked not for me; I am found of them that sought me not: I said, Behold me, behold me, unto a nation that was not called by my name.

Jer 10:25  Pour out thy fury upon the heathen that know thee not, and upon the families that call not on thy name: for they have eaten up Jacob, and devoured him, and consumed him, and have made his habitation desolate.

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