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Isaiah 48

INTRODUCTION TO ISAIAH CHAPTER 48

Jacob who was surnamed Israel was boasting and proud that they lived in the Holy city and pretended that they were living by the commandments of God all the while it was nothing but a sham.  God had declared things in advance but they were too thick-headed to understand.  The fact that revelation of things to come was so well established that no one could claim that it was the result of an idol.  God promises to do a new thing,something that had never before happened─he will call a heathen king to release the captives and rebuild Jerusalem and the temple.  God reminds this bunch of idol addicts that they had been tried in the furnace of afflictio─that they were the real cause of God’s name being blasphemed every day.  Again he reminds them that he is sending his battle axe (Cyrus) to destroy the Chaldeans.  God wants them to know who was “running the show”─the one and only God who made earth and sky.  If their parents had obeyed they would have been as numerous as the sands of the seashore.  Finally he urges them to flee Babylon with singing and shouting.

 EXPOSITION TO ISAIAH CHAPTER 48

1Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah, which swear by the name of the LORD, and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth, nor in righteousness.

Jacobs name was changed to Israel and his roots came from Judah (out of the waters of Judah).  These people did not fear God and did not walk after his commands or statutes. They swore by the name God but not in good faith─not in honesty or sincerity─they didn’t mean a word of it.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

GIVE AUTHORITIVE DATA TO THE TEXT:

Gen 32:28  And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.

2Ki 17:34  Unto this day they do after the former manners: they fear not the LORD, neither do they after their statutes, or after their ordinances, or after the law and commandment which the LORD commanded the children of Jacob, whom he named Israel;

Deu 6:13  Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name.

2For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselves upon the God of Israel; The LORD of hosts is his name.

They boasted of living in the Holy city and pretended to live by the laws of that God.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT CARRY WEIGHT REGARDING THE TEXT:

 

Isa 52:1  Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.

Psa 87:3  Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God. Selah.

3I have declared the former things from the beginning; and they went forth out of my mouth, and I shewed them; I did them suddenly, and they came to pass.

God had declared things to happen in advance─sometimes things happened as soon as it was spoken. God has short term prophecies and long term prophecies.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT MAKE THE CASE:

Isa 41:22  Let them bring them forth, and shew us what shall happen: let them shew the former things, what they be, that we may consider them, and know the latter end of them; or declare us things for to come.

4Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

Gods people of that generation had a face as hard as stone─stiff-necked (couldn’t turn and go the right way)─obstinate with a thick head (bird brained) hard heads and flint-faced.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT MAKE THE CASE:

Jer 5:3  O LORD, are not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, but they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.

Eze 3:7  But the house of Israel will not hearken unto thee; for they will not hearken unto me: for all the house of Israel are impudent and hardhearted.

Exo 32:9  And the LORD said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people:

2Ki 17:14  Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the LORD their God.

5I have even from the beginning declared it to thee; before it came to pass I shewed it thee: lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my graven image, and my molten image, hath commanded them.

God revealed things before hand and they were witnesses of it so that these bird brained folks couldn’t go around saying that this was a result of their devotion to some dumb idol.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT INDORSE THE TEXT:

Isa 48:3  I have declared the former things from the beginning; and they went forth out of my mouth, and I shewed them; I did them suddenly, and they came to pass.

Isa 46:10  Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure:  Read:  Jer 44:17-18

6Thou hast heard, see all this; and will not ye declare it? I have shewed thee new things from this time, even hidden things, and thou didst not know them.

He showed them─fulfilled before their very eyes─and they still didn’t get it.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT LEND EVIDENCE TO THE TEXT:

 

Isa 43:8-10  Bring forth the blind people that have eyes, and the deaf that have ears.  Let all the nations be gathered together, and let the people be assembled: who among them can declare this, and shew us former things? let them bring forth their witnesses, that they may be justified: or let them hear, and say, It is truth.  Ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God

 

  7They are created now, and not from the beginning; even before the day when thou heardest them not; lest thou shouldest say, Behold, I knew them.

God says that he is going to do a new thing─not the same old thing or a variation of the same old thing. He wanted to make sure that they couldn’t say “I know all this.”

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT DEMONSTRATE THE TEXT:

Isa 6:9-10 And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not.  Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.

 

8Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from that time that thine ear was not opened: for I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously, and wast called a transgressor from the womb.

They never heard (their ears were closed)─you never knew (closed mind)─God knew the kind of people that he was dealing with.  He knew they were transgressors from the womb.  These people were not good listeners─they had a history of ignoring God.  Their tract record proved them to be transgressors.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT AUTHENTICATE THE TEXT:

Exo 32:7-10  And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves:  They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.  And the LORD said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people:   Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.   Read:  Isa 29:10-11; Hos 1:9

9For my name’s sake will I defer mine anger, and for my praise will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off.

For the sake of God’s name and his honor he held his anger and didn’t wash his hands of them or wipe them out.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

ESTABLISH THE CERTAINTY OF THE TEXT:

 

Isa 37:35  For I will defend this city to save it for mine own sake, and for my servant David’s sake.

Eze 36:22  Therefore say unto the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord GOD; I do not this for your sakes, O house of Israel, but for mine holy name’s sake, which ye have profaned among the heathen, whither ye went.

10Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

I have tested you and tried you in the furnace of affliction.  God says it looks like I am playing second fiddle to a bunch of idol-god addicts.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

PRESENT OVERWHELMING PROOF OF THE TEXT:

 

Job 23:10  But he knoweth the way that I take: when he hath tried me, I shall come forth as gold.

Mal 3:2-3  But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner’s fire, and like fullers’ soap:  And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.

11For mine own sake, even for mine own sake, will I do it: for how should my name be polluted? and I will not give my glory unto another.

If God permitted the heathen to destroy Jacob then his name would be forever blasphemed but God was not about to give his glory to the idol worshipers.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT ARE CONCLUSIVE AND FINAL:

 

Isa 52:5  Now therefore, what have I here, saith the LORD, that my people is taken away for nought? they that rule over them make them to howl, saith the LORD; and my name continually every day is blasphemed.

Eze 20:39  As for you, O house of Israel, thus saith the Lord GOD; Go ye, serve ye every one his idols, and hereafter also, if ye will not hearken unto me: but pollute ye my holy name no more with your gifts, and with your idols.

12Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I am he; I am the first, I also am the last.

I am still the same God─first, last, and always.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT RATIFY THE TEXT:

Isa 55:3  Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David.

13Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together.

God laid the foundation of the earth and when he formed the expanse of the skies he summoned them to their proper place.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT BEAR OUT THE TEXT:

 

Isa 42:5  Thus saith God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and tretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein:

14All ye, assemble yourselves, and hear; which among them hath declared these things? The LORD hath loved him: he will do his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm shall be on the Chaldeans.

God is going to send his battle axe to do his pleasure on Babylon─God’s arm will be against the Babylonians.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT SPEAK VOLUMES ABOUT THE TEXT:

 

Isa 45:20-21  Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye that are escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god that cannot save.  Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the LORD? and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me.

15I, even I, have spoken; yea, I have called him: I have brought him, and he shall make his way prosperous.

He had called Cyrus to do his work against the people who blasphemed his name every day.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT SHED LIGHT ON THE TEXT:

 

Jos 1:8  This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but hou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.

16Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord GOD, and his Spirit, hath sent me.

The books of the law were replete with scriptures that foretold what would take place if Israel turned from the LORD to idols─this had not been kept secret but was on the lips of the prophets─so the decision to take down Babylon, free the exiles, rebuild Jerusalem and the temple was not a spur of the moment decision.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT VERIFY THE TEXT:

 

Isa 48:3-6  I have declared the former things from the beginning; and they went forth out of my mouth, and I shewed them; I did them suddenly, and they came to pass.  Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass  I have even from the beginning declared it to thee; before it came to pass I shewed it thee: lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my graven image, and my molten image, hath commanded them.  Thou hast heard, see all this; and will not ye declare it? I have shewed thee new things from this time, even hidden things, and thou didst not know them.

17Thus saith the LORD, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; I am the LORD thy God which teacheth thee to profit, which leadeth thee by the way that thou shouldest go.

The majestic one who takes up your cause will guide you in the way you should go─he would lead them to springs of water.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT GIVE COUNTEREVIDENCE TO THE TEXT:

 

Isa 43:14  Thus saith the LORD, your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; For your sake I have sent to Babylon, and have brought down all their nobles, and the Chaldeans, whose cry is in the ships.

Deu 8:17-18  And thou say in thine heart, My power and the might of mine hand hath gotten me this wealth.  But thou shalt remember the LORD thy God: for it is he that giveth thee power to get wealth, that he may establish his covenant which he sware unto thy fathers, as it is this day.

18O that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! then had thy peace been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea:

If they had kept the commandments then the blessings of Deut. 28 would have come upon them─their children would have been blessed and they would have had the finest of everything─abundance of food and honey out of the rock.  Prosperity would have flowed like a river.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT CONFIRM THE TEXT:

 

Psa 81:13-16  Oh that my people had hearkened unto me, and Israel had walked in my ways!  I should soon have subdued their enemies, and turned my hand against their adversaries.  The haters of the LORD should have submitted themselves unto him: but their time should have endured for ever.  He should have fed them also with the finest of the wheat: and with honey out of the rock should I have satisfied thee.

19Thy seed also had been as the sand, and the offspring of thy bowels like the gravel thereof; his name should not have been cut off nor destroyed from before me.

Their descendants would have been like the sand on the seashore─but their rebellion led to their getting cut off head and tail, branch and rush in one day.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT GIVE AUTHORITIVE DATA TO THE TEXT:

 

Gen 22:17  That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies;

20Go ye forth of Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans, with a voice of singing declare ye, tell this, utter it even to the end of the earth; say ye, The LORD hath redeemed his servant Jacob.

They were to flee Babylon with a triumphant voice─with a shout of joy─with a loud song “the LORD has redeemed his servant Jacob!”

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT CARRY WEIGHT REGARDING THE TEXT:

 

Jer 50:8  Remove out of the midst of Babylon, and go forth out of the land of the Chaldeans, and be as the he goats before the flocks.

Zec 2:6-7  Ho, ho, come forth, and flee from the land of the north, saith the LORD: for I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heaven, saith the LORD.  Deliver thyself, O Zion, that dwellest with the daughter of Babylon.

21And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them: he clave the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

Like the people who left Egypt with Moses these people will experience the ledership of God through deserts and across mountains.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

MAKE THE CASE:

 

Isa 30:25  And there shall be upon every high mountain, and upon every high hill, rivers and streams of waters in the day of the great slaughter, when the towers fall.

22There is no peace, saith the LORD, unto the wicked.

The wicked have no future─it is all hidden from them─when sudden calamities come crushing down on them there is no divine help.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT MAKE THE CASE:

 

Job 15:20-23  The wicked man travaileth with pain all his days, and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor.  A dreadful sound is in his ears: in prosperity the destroyer shall come upon him.  He believeth not that he shall return out of darkness, and he is waited for of the sword.  He wandereth abroad for bread, saying, Where is it? he knoweth that the day of darkness is ready at his hand.

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