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Isaiah 39

INTRODUCTION TO ISAIAH CHAPTER 39

Hezekiah entertains an envoy from Babylon─he is so delighted with the letter and gifts that he opens all the vaults and jewelry boxes for them to see the world’s greatest collection of valuables that he and his ancestors had amassed over centuries.  He showed them the farms and stables, herds of cattle, horses and sheep─opened the kitchen cabinets and showed them the spices─this proud king bragged every step of the tour.  When the envoys leave Isaiah will pay the king a visit and spell out on no uncertain terms what God will do for this foolish act.

EXPOSITION TO ISAIAH CHAPTER 39

1At that time Merodachbaladan, the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah: for he had heard that he had been sick, and was recovered.

Upon the news that Hezekiah had recovered from his fatal disease the king of Babylon sent envoys with a letter and a present to Hezekiah.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT CONFIRM THE TEXT:

2Ch 32:23-33  And many brought gifts unto the LORD to Jerusalem, and presents to Hezekiah king of Judah: so that he was magnified in the sight of all nations from thenceforth.  In those days Hezekiah was sick to the death, and prayed unto the LORD: and he spake unto him, and he gave him a sign.  But Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit done unto him; for his heart was lifted up: therefore there was wrath upon him, and upon Judah and Jerusalem.  Notwithstanding Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of the LORD came not upon them in the days of Hezekiah.  And Hezekiah had exceeding much riches and honour: and he made himself treasuries for silver, and for gold, and for precious stones, and for spices, and for shields, and for all manner of pleasant jewels;  Storehouses also for the increase of corn, and wine, and oil; and stalls for all manner of beasts, and cotes for flocks.  Moreover he provided him cities, and possessions of flocks and herds in abundance: for God had given him substance very much.  This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper watercourse of Gihon, and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works.  Howbeit in the business of the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to enquire of the wonder that was done in the land, God left him, to try him, that he might know all that was in his heart.  Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and his goodness, behold, they are written in the vision of Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, and in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.  And Hezekiah slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the chiefest of the sepulchres of the sons of David: and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem did him honour at his death. And Manasseh his son reigned in his stead.

2And Hezekiah was glad of them, and shewed them the house of his precious things, the silver, and the gold, and the spices, and the precious ointment, and all the house of his armour, and all that was found in his treasures: there was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah shewed them not.

Hezekiah was delighted that the king of Babylon would send a letter and gifts─so he takes the ambassadors on a personal tour of the palace.  Hezekiah had constructed vaults to hold all of his silver and gold and precious stones─display cases for the spices and trophy cases for shields and boxes for jewelry─then he gives them a tour of the place where he had built storage for the grain and the wine cellars and a place to store the olive oil─he gave them a tour of the horse barns and sheep barns and then gave them a tour of the armory.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT GIVE AUTHORITIVE DATA TO THE TEXT:

2Ch 32:31  Howbeit in the business of the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to enquire of the wonder that was done in the land, God left him, to try him, that he might know all that was in his heart.

Pro 4:23  Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life.

1Ki 10:10  And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices as these which the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.

3Then came Isaiah the prophet unto king Hezekiah, and said unto him, What said these men? and from whence came they unto thee? And Hezekiah said, They are come from a far country unto me, even from Babylon.

Isaiah is stunned that the king would be so stupid as to show off all his treasuries to a foreign nation.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT CARRY WEIGHT REGARDING THE TEXT:

2Ki 20:14-15  Then came Isaiah the prophet unto king Hezekiah, and said unto him, What said these men? and from whence came they unto thee? And Hezekiah said, They are come from a far country, even from Babylon.  And he said, What have they seen in thine house? And Hezekiah answered, All the things that are in mine house have they seen: there is nothing among my treasures that I have not shewed them.

4Then said he, What have they seen in thine house? And Hezekiah answered, All that is in mine house have they seen: there is nothing among my treasures that I have not shewed them.

Sound familiar─we give our enemies a tour of our nuclear facilities─submarines, aircraft carriers and all our secret places.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT MAKE THE CASE:

Pro 23:5  Wilt thou set thine eyes upon that which is not? for riches certainly make themselves wings; they fly away as an eagle toward heaven.  Read:  Jos 7:19

5Then said Isaiah to Hezekiah, Hear the word of the LORD of hosts:

God has a word for you─this foolish act will not go unpunished.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT MAKE THE CASE:

1Sa 13:13-14  And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would the LORD have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever.  But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought him a man after his own heart, and the LORD hath commanded him to be captain over his people, because thou hast not kept that which the LORD commanded thee.

6Behold, the days come, that all that is in thine house, and that which thy fathers have laid up in store until this day, shall be carried to Babylon: nothing shall be left, saith the LORD.

Everything that he and his ancestors had amassed would be seized and carried away to Babylon─nothing left behind.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT INDORSE THE TEXT:

2Ki 24:13  And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king’s house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said.  Read:  2Ch 36:18;  Jer 27:21-22; Jer 52:17-19; Dan 1:2

7And of thy sons that shall issue from thee, which thou shalt beget, shall they take away; and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.

Manasseh was dragged through thorn bushes─hand cuffed and hog tied and thrown into a hell hole in Babylon and they castrated the princes so there would be no offspring from their roots and put them to work helping govern the masses.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT LEND EVIDENCE TO

THE TEXT:

2Ch 33:11  Wherefore the LORD brought upon them the captains of the host of the king of Assyria, which took Manasseh among the thorns, and bound him with fetters, and carried him to Babylon.

2Ki 24:12  And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign.

2Ki 25:6-7  So they took the king, and brought him up to the king of Babylon to Riblah; and they gave judgment upon him.  And they slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, and put out the eyes of Zedekiah, and bound him with fetters of brass, and carried him to Babylon.

 8Then said Hezekiah to Isaiah, Good is the word of the LORD which thou hast spoken. He said moreover, For there shall be peace and truth in my days.

He was thinking only of himself─his answer to Isaiah was like one who speaks before his brain is engaged.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES

THAT DEMONSTRATE THE TEXT:

1Sa 3:18  And Samuel told him every whit, and hid nothing from him. And he said, It is the LORD: let him do what seemeth him good.

2Sa 15:26  But if he thus say, I have no delight in thee; behold, here am I, let him do to me as seemeth good unto him.

2Ch 34:28  Behold, I will gather thee to thy fathers, and thou shalt be gathered to thy grave in peace, neither shall thine eyes see all the evil that I will bring upon this place, and upon the inhabitants of the same. So they brought the king word again.

 

 

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