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Isaiah 13

INTRODUCTION TO ISAIAH CHAPTER 13

The horsefly from the Euphrates chased the heifer of the Nile─the hammer from Mesopotamia beat down the army of Pharoah─the lion of Babylon has roared and pounced on all nations─the destroying mountain that destroyed the earth is about to be destroyed─now his doomsday has arrived.  God is sending his servant Cyrus from Persia to destroy Babylon and return the exiles─the commentary section is waiting for you─enjoy!

EXPOSITION TO ISAIAH CHAPTER 13

1The burden of Babylon, which Isaiah the son of Amoz did see.

A burden is something that you must carry; in this case it was the heavy burden of doom.  The prophet was assigned to lay their fate before them.

In the year of 606 B.C. Nebuchadnezzar attacked Jerusalem with his war machine.  Babylon dates back to the time of Nimrod, and Genesis eleven gives us the story of the tower of Babel where the languages derived.  This place was called Babel because people began to talk in different languages and it sounded like babbling, hence the word Babel.  It stood on the Euphrates, about 200 miles above its junction with the Tigris, which flowed through its midst and divided it into two almost equal parts. This city gradually grew in extent and grandeur, but in time it became subject to Assyria. On the fall of Nineveh (B.C. 606) it threw off the Assyrian yoke, and became the capital of the growing Babylonian empire. Under Nebuchadnezzar it became one of the most splendid cities of the ancient world.

On the west bank of the Euphrates, about 50 miles south of Bagdad, there is found a series of artificial mounds of vast extent. These are the ruins of this once famous proud city. These ruins are principally (1) the great mound called Babel by the Arabs. This was probably the noted Temple of Belus, which was a pyramid about 480 feet high. (2) The Kasr (i.e., “the palace”). This was the great palace of Nebuchadnezzar. It is almost a square, each side of which is about 700 feet long. The little town of Hillah, near the site of Babylon, is built almost wholly of bricks taken from this single mound. (3) A lofty mound, on the summit of which stands a modern tomb called Amran ibn-Ali. This is probably the most ancient portion of the city’s remains.  Where the ruins of the famous hanging-gardens, or perhaps of some royal palace. The utter desolation of the city once called “The glory of kingdoms” (Isaiah 13:19) was foretold by the prophets (Isaiah 13:4-22; Jeremiah 25:12; 50:2, 3; Daniel 2:31-38.)  This city and its whole empire were taken by the Persians under Cyrus; the Persians were subdued by the Macedonians, and the Macedonians by the Romans; so that Rome succeeded to the power of old Babylon. And it was her method to adopt the worship of the false deities she had conquered; so that by her own act she became the heiress and successor of all the Babylonian idolatry, and of all that was introduced into it by the immediate successors of Babylon, and consequently of all the idolatry of the earth.” Rome, or “mystical Babylon,” is “that great city which reigneth over the kings of the earth” Rev. 17:18

In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant three years: then he turned and rebelled against him.  II Kings 24:1

After three years of servitude to the Babylonians Jehoiakim decided to throw of the yoke, but nebuchadnezzar would have none of this─so he invaded Judah again and burned the city.

“The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that was the first year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; The which Jeremiah the prophet spake unto all the people of Judah, and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying, From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even unto this day, that is the three and twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened.  And the LORD hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending them; but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear. They said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given unto you and to your fathers for ever and ever:  And go not after other gods to serve them, and to worship them, and provoke me not to anger with the works of your hands; and I will do you no hurt. Yet ye have not hearkened unto me, saith the LORD; that ye might provoke me to anger with the works of your hands to your own hurt.  Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Because ye have not heard my words,  Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations. Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the candle.  And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years”.  Jer. 25:1-11

Zedekiah rebelled against Babylon and was captured, all the nobles slain, his children massacred, he was bound in chains, his eyes gouged out with a dagger and the sockets were cauterized with a hot iron poker.  They manacled him like a slave, iron rings were forged around the ankles and linked together by a six inch chain, and then a tight chain was placed around the waist, this was attached by a third chain in such a way that the prisoner could not run away.  Once they arrived in Babylon they knew that if they tried to escape it would result in execution.  So, for 70 years they lived and died in a foreign land.  No one ever returned home from the exile. (Copied from my book Daniel and the Revelation.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

CORROBORATE THE TEXT:

Jer 25:12-27  And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.  And I will bring upon that land all my words which I have pronounced against it, even all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah hath prophesied against all the nations.  For many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of them also: and I will recompense them according to their deeds, and according to the works of their own hands.  For thus saith the LORD God of Israel unto me; Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it.  And they shall drink, and be moved, and be mad, because of the sword that I will send among them.  Then took I the cup at the LORD’S hand, and made all the nations to drink, unto whom the LORD had sent me:  To wit, Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and the kings thereof, and the princes thereof, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, an hissing, and a curse; as it is this day;  Pharaoh king of Egypt, and his servants, and his princes, and all his people;  And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,  Edom, and Moab, and the children of Ammon,  And all the kings of Tyrus, and all the kings of Zidon, and the kings of the isles which are beyond the sea,  Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all that are in the utmost corners,  And all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mingled people that dwell in the desert,  And all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes,  And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which are upon the face of the earth: and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them.  Therefore thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Drink ye, and be drunken, and spue, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you.

2Lift ye up a banner upon the high mountain, exalt the voice unto them, shake the hand, that they may go into the gates of the nobles.

They were to raise a flag on a mountain top─they were to yell at the top of their voice─make a motion with their hand to send information─the guards will see this and go into the command center and ready their troops.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

MAKE THE CASE:

Isa 18:3  All ye inhabitants of the world, and dwellers on the earth, see ye, when he lifteth up an ensign on the mountains; and when he bloweth a trumpet, hear ye.

Jer 50:2  Declare ye among the nations, and publish, and set up a standard; publish, and conceal not: say, Babylon is taken, Bel is confounded, Merodach is broken in pieces; her idols are confounded, her images are broken in pieces.  Read:  Jer 51:25-27; Isa 45:1-3; Jer 51:58

3I have commanded my sanctified ones, I have also called my mighty ones for mine anger, even them that rejoice in my highness.

God is in charge of the army of Persia and has summoned them to battle; they are to execute the wrath of the Almighty on the Babylonians.  These warriors are eager for the battle.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

ILLUMINATE THE TEXT:

Jer 51:28  Prepare against her the nations with the kings of the Medes, the captains thereof, and all the rulers thereof, and all the land of his dominion.

Jer 51:29  And the land shall tremble and sorrow: for every purpose of the LORD shall be performed against Babylon, to make the land of Babylon a desolation without an inhabitant.  Read:  Jer 50:21-46

 4The noise of a multitude in the mountains, like as of a great people; a tumultuous noise of the kingdoms of nations gathered together: the LORD of hosts mustereth the host of the battle.

The mountains are roaring like that of a vast number of soldiers marching─Forty nine nations have formed a collation to do battle against Babylon.  It is the chosen ones of the LORD that have been mustered to do battle against the Babylonians.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

INDORSE THE TEXT:

Jer 50:2-3  Declare ye among the nations, and publish, and set up a standard; publish, and conceal not: say, Babylon is taken, Bel is confounded, Merodach is broken in pieces; her idols are confounded, her images are broken in pieces.  For out of the north there cometh up a nation against her, which shall make her land desolate, and none shall dwell therein: they shall remove, they shall depart, both man and beast.  Read:  Isa 45:1-2; Jer 50:14-15; Joe 2:1-11

 5They come from a far country, from the end of heaven, even the LORD, and the weapons of his indignation, to destroy the whole land.

They were the Medes and Persians who came from the far horizons and were the instruments of God’s fury to destroy the whole land of Babylonia.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

LEND EVIDENCE TO THE TEXT:

Jer 50:3  For out of the north there cometh up a nation against her, which shall make her land desolate, and none shall dwell therein: they shall remove, they shall depart, both man and beast.

Jer 50:9  For, lo, I will raise and cause to come up against Babylon an assembly of great nations from the north country: and they shall set themselves in array against her; from thence she shall be taken: their arrows shall be as of a mighty expert man; none shall return in vain. Read:  Jer 51:11; Jer 51:28

 6Howl ye; for the day of the LORD is at hand; it shall come as a destruction from the Almighty.

Yell and scream in terror for God is paying them a visit with devastation unheard of before in history.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

DEMONSTRATE THE TEXT:

Isa 65:14  Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall howl for vexation of spirit.

Jer 51:8  Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed: howl for her; take balm for her pain, if so be she may be healed.

Zep 1:14  The great day of the LORD is near, it is near, and hasteth greatly, even the voice of the day of the LORD: the mighty man shall cry there bitterly.

Amo 5:18  Woe unto you that desire the day of the LORD! to what end is it for you? the day of the LORD is darkness, and not light.

Isa 34:8  For it is the day of the LORD’S vengeance, and the year of recompences for the controversy of Zion.

 7Therefore shall all hands be faint, and every man’s heart shall melt:

When they see the coming warriors they are paralyzed and hysterical and are screaming in terror.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

ILLUSTRATE THE TEXT:

Isa 51:20  Thy sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, as a wild bull in a net: they are full of the fury of the LORD, the rebuke of thy God.

Jer 50:43  The king of Babylon hath heard the report of them, and his hands waxed feeble: anguish took hold of him, and pangs as of a woman in travail.

Eze 7:17  All hands shall be feeble, and all knees shall be weak as water.  Read:  Eze 21:7; Nah 1:6; Nah 2:10

 8And they shall be afraid: pangs and sorrows shall take hold of them; they shall be in pain as a woman that travaileth: they shall be amazed one at another; their faces shall be as flames.

Their hands are falling down and are limp as an old dish rag─their courage has melted away─the bold and brave Babylonians are as scared as a rabbit on the run─fear has griped them like labor pains of childbirth─they are staring at each other─their faces are ashy pale─they are horrified of the outcome.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

AUTHENTICATE THE TEXT:

Isa 21:3-4  Therefore are my loins filled with pain: pangs have taken hold upon me, as the pangs of a woman that travaileth: I was bowed down at the hearing of it; I was dismayed at the seeing of it.  My heart panted, fearfulness affrighted me: the night of my pleasure hath he turned into fear unto me.  Read:  Isa 26:17; Dan 5:5-6

 9Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it.

Prophets had spoke of this day and now it has arrived─he is going to rid the earth of this merciless people, he will root out these sinners and exterminate the wicked.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

ESTABLISH THE CERTAINTY OF THE TEXT:

Isa 47:10-15  For thou hast trusted in thy wickedness: thou hast said, None seeth me. Thy wisdom and thy knowledge, it hath perverted thee; and thou hast said in thine heart, I am, and none else beside me.  Therefore shall evil come upon thee; thou shalt not know from whence it riseth: and mischief shall fall upon thee; thou shalt not be able to put it off: and desolation shall come upon thee suddenly, which thou shalt not know.  Stand now with thine enchantments, and with the multitude of thy sorceries, wherein thou hast laboured from thy youth; if so be thou shalt be able to profit, if so be thou mayest prevail.  Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels. Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from these things that shall come upon thee.  Behold, they shall be as stubble; the fire shall burn them; they shall not deliver themselves from the power of the flame: there shall not be a coal to warm at, nor fire to sit before it.  Thus shall they be unto thee with whom thou hast laboured, even thy merchants, from thy youth: they shall wander every one to his quarter; none shall save thee. Read:  Jer 50:40-42

 10For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.

The constellations are a black hole─sun refuses to shine─no moonlight.  It is the darkest day in their history.  When nations fall the prophets likens it to the darkening of the heavens.  The sun represents the king and the queen the moon and high government officials to the constellations.  God uses this illustration each time a country collapses.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

PRESENT OVERWHELMING PROOF OF THE TEXT:

Isa 24:23  Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.

Eze 32:7-8  And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light.  All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord GOD.

Mat 24:29  Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:

11And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible.

When God paid them a visit with the Persian army he came to destroy the world for their evil.  He is putting an end to their lawless crimes and evil vice.  He is going to put and end to their bragging and boasting─God will terminate these strutting tyrants.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

ATTEST TO THE TEXT:

Isa 14:21  Prepare slaughter for his children for the iniquity of their fathers; that they do not rise, nor possess the land, nor fill the face of the world with cities.  Read:  Isa 24:4-6; Jer 51:34-38; Rev 12:9-11; Isa 5:15; Isa 14:12-16; Jer 50:29-32; Dan 5:22-23         

12I will make a man more precious than fine gold; even a man than the golden wedge of Ophir.

When the LORD finishes this invasion their will not be very many men left.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

ARE CONCLUSIVE AND FINAL:

Isa 4:1  And in that day seven women shall take hold of one man, saying, We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel: only let us be called by thy name, to take away our reproach.

Isa 24:6  Therefore hath the curse devoured the earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate: therefore the inhabitants of the earth are burned, and few men left.

 13Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove out of her place, in the wrath of the LORD of hosts, and in the day of his fierce anger.

God is going to shake the heavens and make the earth reel─it is the judgment day for this nation and his fierce anger will not be abated till he has destroyed them.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

RATIFY THE TEXT:

Hag 2:6-7  For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land;  And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.  Read:  Joe 3:16; Mat 24:29; Heb 12:26-27; Rev 6:13-14; Lam 1:12; Nah 1:4-6

 14And it shall be as the chased roe, and as a sheep that no man taketh up: they shall every man turn to his own people, and flee every one into his own land.

They are under Gods wrath─picture them running like a white tail deer─or left like sheep with no shepherd─the army of Babylon will run until it is exhausted─so confused they will desert and run to their own land to hide.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

BEAR OUT THE TEXT:

Isa 17:13  The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but God shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind. Read:  1Ki 22:17,36; Jer 50:16; Jer 51:9

15Every one that is found shall be thrust through; and every one that is joined unto them shall fall by the sword.

They will be caught and slaughtered─anyone helping them escape will be cut down.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

SPEAK VOLUMES ABOUT THE TEXT:

Isa 14:19-22  But thou art cast out of thy grave like an abominable branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain, thrust through with a sword, that go down to the stones of the pit; as a carcase trodden under feet.  Thou shalt not be joined with them in burial, because thou hast destroyed thy land, and slain thy people: the seed of evildoers shall never be renowned.  Prepare slaughter for his children for the iniquity of their fathers; that they do not rise, nor possess the land, nor fill the face of the world with cities.  For I will rise up against them, saith the LORD of hosts, and cut off from Babylon the name, and remnant, and son, and nephew, saith the LORD.   Read:  Isa 47:9-14; Jer 50:27,35-42; Jer 51:3

16Their children also shall be dashed to pieces before their eyes; their houses shall be spoiled, and their wives ravished.

They will kill the infants in the presence of their parents─no pity for anyone─their houses looted─their wives raped.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

SHED LIGHT ON THE TEXT:

Psa 137:8-9  O daughter of Babylon, who art to be destroyed; happy shall he be, that rewardeth thee as thou hast served us.  Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against the stones.

Hos 10:14  Therefore shall a tumult arise among thy people, and all thy fortresses shall be spoiled, as Shalman spoiled Betharbel in the day of battle: the mother was dashed in pieces upon her children.

Nah 3:10  Yet was she carried away, she went into captivity: her young children also were dashed in pieces at the top of all the streets: and they cast lots for her honourable men, and all her great men were bound in chains.

Lam 5:11  They ravished the women in Zion, and the maids in the cities of Judah.

 17Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver; and as for gold, they shall not delight in it.

The Medes can’t be bought off─no amount of gold or silver can stop this ruthless bunch from their rampage.  This is the day they have been waiting for and now it is sweet revenge and they are enjoying every minute of it.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

VERIFY THE TEXT:

Isa 21:2  A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.

Isa 41:25  I have raised up one from the north, and he shall come: from the rising of the sun shall he call upon my name: and he shall come upon princes as upon morter, and as the potter treadeth clay.

Jer 50:9  For, lo, I will raise and cause to come up against Babylon an assembly of great nations from the north country: and they shall set themselves in array against her; from thence she shall be taken: their arrows shall be as of a mighty expert man; none shall return in vain.  Read:  Jer 51:11,27-29; Dan 5:28-31

 18Their bows also shall dash the young men to pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eyes shall not spare children.

Young men will especially be their target─no pity on pregnant women─what they have in mind is a massacre─a brutality unheard of.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

GIVE COUNTEREVIDENCE TO THE TEXT:

2Ki 8:12  And Hazael said, Why weepeth my lord? And he answered, Because I know the evil that thou wilt do unto the children of Israel: their strong holds wilt thou set on fire, and their young men wilt thou slay with the sword, and wilt dash their children, and rip up their women with child.

Hos 13:16  Samaria shall become desolate; for she hath rebelled against her God: they shall fall by the sword: their infants shall be dashed in pieces, and their women with child shall be ripped up.

Nah 2:1  He that dasheth in pieces is come up before thy face: keep the munition, watch the way, make thy loins strong, fortify thy power mightily.   Read:  Nah 3:10; 2Ch 36:17

 19And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees’ excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.

The world was waiting for God to finish them off and now it is happening─the crown jewel of all kingdoms is meeting its doom─it is a divine overthrow.

Babylon, whose destruction and utter ruin are here predicted, was situated in the midst of a large plain, having a very deep and fruitful soil, on the Euphrates River.  According to Herodotus, it had an enclosed wall 300 feet high, and fifty wide, on the top of which were small watch towers of one story high, leaving a space between them, through which a chariot might pass and turn. On each side were twenty-five gates of solid brass; from each of which proceeded a street, 150 feet broad, making in all fifty streets; which, crossing each other at right angles, intersected the city into 676 squares, along which stood the houses, all built three or four stories high, and highly decorated towards the street; the interior of these squares was   gardens, and pleasure grounds, etc. Its principal ornaments were the temple of Belus, having a tower of eight stories, upon a base of a quarter of a mile square; a most magnificent palace; and the famous hanging gardens, or artificial mountains raised upon arches, and planted with large and beautiful trees. Cyrus took it by diverting the waters of the Euphrates, which ran through the midst, and entering by the channel; and the river being never restored to its proper course, overflowed the whole country, and made it a morass. Darius afterwards depopulated the place, lowered the walls, and demolished the gates; Xerxes destroyed the temples; the building of Seleucia nearly exhausted it of its inhabitants; a king of the Parthians carried a number of them into slavery, and destroyed the most beautiful parts; so that modern travelers describe it as a mass of shapeless ruins, the habitation of wild beasts.

Isa 14:4-6  That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!  The LORD hath broken the staff of the wicked, and the sceptre of the rulers.  He who smote the people in wrath with a continual stroke, he that ruled the nations in anger, is persecuted, and none hindereth.

Jer 51:41  How is Sheshach taken! and how is the praise of the whole earth surprised! how is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations!

Jer 49:18  As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour cities thereof, saith the LORD, no man shall abide there, neither shall a son of man dwell in it.

  20It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation: neither shall the Arabian pitch tent there; neither shall the shepherds make their fold there.

No one will ever live there─it will remain forever uninhabited─it will never rise again─Arabs and Nomads will not camp there at night─shepherds won’t take their flocks there because of the danger from wild animals.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

CONFIRM THE TEXT:

Isa 47:1-15  Come down, and sit in the dust, O virgin daughter of Babylon, sit on the ground: there is no throne, O daughter of the Chaldeans: for thou shalt no more be called tender and delicate.  Take the millstones, and grind meal: uncover thy locks, make bare the leg, uncover the thigh, pass over the rivers.  Thy nakedness shall be uncovered, yea, thy shame shall be seen: I will take vengeance, and I will not meet thee as a man.  As for our redeemer, the LORD of hosts is his name, the Holy One of Israel.  Sit thou silent, and get thee into darkness, O daughter of the Chaldeans: for thou shalt no more be called, The lady of kingdoms.  I was wroth with my people, I have polluted mine inheritance, and given them into thine hand: thou didst shew them no mercy; upon the ancient hast thou very heavily laid thy yoke.  And thou saidst, I shall be a lady for ever: so that thou didst not lay these things to thy heart, neither didst remember the latter end of it.  Therefore hear now this, thou that art given to pleasures, that dwellest carelessly, that sayest in thine heart, I am, and none else beside me; I shall not sit as a widow, neither shall I know the loss of children:  But these two things shall come to thee in a moment in one day, the loss of children, and widowhood: they shall come upon thee in their perfection for the multitude of thy sorceries, and for the great abundance of thine enchantments.   For thou hast trusted in thy wickedness: thou hast said, None seeth me. Thy wisdom and thy knowledge, it hath perverted thee; and thou hast said in thine heart, I am, and none else beside me.   Therefore shall evil come upon thee; thou shalt not know from whence it riseth: and mischief shall fall upon thee; thou shalt not be able to put it off: and desolation shall come upon thee suddenly, which thou shalt not know.  Stand now with thine enchantments, and with the multitude of thy sorceries, wherein thou hast laboured from thy youth; if so be thou shalt be able to profit, if so be thou mayest prevail.  Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels. Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from these things that shall come upon thee.  Behold, they shall be as stubble; the fire shall burn them; they shall not deliver themselves from the power of the flame: there shall not be a coal to warm at, nor fire to sit before it.  Thus shall they be unto thee with whom thou hast laboured, even thy merchants, from thy youth: they shall wander every one to his quarter; none shall save thee.

 21But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there.

It will be a ghost town─turned over to the animals─a wildlife refuge─wild cats and desert demons─at night you will hear haunted howls─Jackals and serpents are the new tenants─wild goats and desert creatures will do their weird dance there.  No one will serve them a “vacate the premise” notice.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

GIVE AUTHORITIVE DATA TO THE TEXT:

Isa 34:11-15  But the cormorant and the bittern shall possess it; the owl also and the raven shall dwell in it: and he shall stretch out upon it the line of confusion, and the stones of emptiness.  They shall call the nobles thereof to the kingdom, but none shall be there, and all her princes shall be nothing.  And thorns shall come up in her palaces, nettles and brambles in the fortresses thereof: and it shall be an habitation of dragons, and a court for owls.  The wild beasts of the desert shall also meet with the wild beasts of the island, and the satyr shall cry to his fellow; the screech owl also shall rest there, and find for herself a place of rest.  There shall the great owl make her nest, and lay, and hatch, and gather under her shadow: there shall the vultures also be gathered, every one with her mate.

 22And the wild beasts of the islands shall cry in their desolate houses, and dragons in their pleasant palaces: and her time is near to come, and her days shall not be prolonged.

Even the splendid palaces and rich estates will be occupied by dangerous will animals and poisonous snakes.  Their stately mansions will be lived in by jackals and hyenas and screech-owls─time was running out─her doom was very near─close at hand when the prophet wrote this chapter.

CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT

CARRY WEIGHT REGARDING THE TEXT:

Isa 35:7  And the parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water: in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, shall be grass with reeds and rushes.

Deu 32:35  To me belongeth vengeance, and recompence; their foot shall slide in due time: for the day of their calamity is at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste.

Jer 51:33  For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; The daughter of Babylon is like a threshingfloor, it is time to thresh her: yet a little while, and the time of her harvest shall come.

Eze 7:7-10  The morning is come unto thee, O thou that dwellest in the land: the time is come, the day of trouble is near, and not the sounding again of the mountains.  Now will I shortly pour out my fury upon thee, and accomplish mine anger upon thee: and I will judge thee according to thy ways, and will recompense thee for all thine abominations.  And mine eye shall not spare, neither will I have pity: I will recompense thee according to thy ways and thine abominations that are in the midst of thee; and ye shall know that I am the LORD that smiteth.

Behold the day, behold, it is come: the morning is gone forth; the rod hath blossomed, pride hath budded.

 

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