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Haggai 2

HAGGAI CHAPTER 2

1 In the seventh month, in the one and twentieth day of the month, came the word of the LORD by the prophet Haggai, saying,

2 Speak now to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and to the residue of the people, saying,

3 Who is left among you that saw this house in her first glory? And how do ye see it now? is it not in your eyes in comparison of it as nothing?

4 Yet now be strong, O Zerubbabel, saith the LORD; and be strong, O Joshua, son of Josedech, the high priest; and be strong, all ye people of the land, saith the LORD, and work: for I am with you, saith the LORD of hosts:

5 According to the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so my spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not.

6 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land;

7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.

8 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts.

9 The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts.

10 In the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet, saying,

11 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Ask now the priests concerning the law, saying,

12 If one bear holy flesh in the skirt of his garment, and with his skirt do touch bread, or pottage, or wine, or oil, or any meat, shall it be holy? And the priests answered and said, No.

13 Then said Haggai, If one that is unclean by a dead body touch any of these, shall it be unclean? And the priests answered and said, It shall be unclean.

14 Then answered Haggai, and said, So is this people, and so is this nation before me, saith the LORD; and so is every work of their hands; and that which they offer there is unclean.

15 And now, I pray you, consider from this day and upward, from before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of the LORD:

16 Since those days were, when one came to an heap of twenty measures, there were but ten: when one came to the pressfat for to draw out fifty vessels out of the press, there were but twenty.

17 I smote you with blasting and with mildew and with hail in all the labours of your hands; yet ye turned not to me, saith the LORD.

18 Consider now from this day and upward, from the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, even from the day that the foundation of the LORD’s temple was laid, consider it.

19 Is the seed yet in the barn? yea, as yet the vine, and the fig tree, and the pomegranate, and the olive tree, hath not brought forth: from this day will I bless you.

20 And again the word of the LORD came unto Haggai in the four and twentieth day of the month, saying,

21 Speak to Zerubbabel, governor of Judah, saying, I will shake the heavens and the earth;

22 And I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the heathen; and I will overthrow the chariots, and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.

23 In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, will I take thee, O Zerubbabel, my servant, the son of Shealtiel, saith the LORD, and will make thee as a signet: for I have chosen thee, saith the LORD of hosts.

 

INTRODUCTION TO HAGGAI CHAPTER 2

 

B

oth Haggai and Zechariah throw light on the year 520 and after, when the rebuilding of the Temple was commenced. Haggai was shocked to find that nearly twenty years after Cyrus had allowed the exiles to return, the Temple was still in a ruined state. His description of the poverty of the community (1:6) suggests that the people were too occupied in scraping a bare living to be concerned about it. They used the foundations for sacrifice anyway and were used to seeing them in their burned-out and damaged state. Haggai, however, felt that if they made the effort to rebuild the Temple, God would reward them with the fruits of the earth and the book of Malachi records such blessings in vivid description as if God had opened the windows of heaven.   God told Haggai that it would be greater than the old temple.  For a detailed description of the Temple read Ezekiel 41-48.         

EXPOSITION TO HAGGAI CHAPTER 2

1 In the seventh month, in the one and twentieth day of the month, came the word of the LORD by the prophet Haggai, saying,

 

On 17th of October the LORD spoke to Haggai the prophet. He said, ‘Speak now to:

·         Zerubbabel; he is leader of Judah and son of Shealtiel

·         Joshua; he is the High Priest and the son of Jehozadak

·         The remnant of the people also.

Say this to them.

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CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT ATTESST TO THE TEXT:

 

2Pe 1:21  for no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God.

 

2 Speak now to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and to the residue of the people, saying,

 

Neh 8:9  Then Nehemiah, who was the governor, and Ezra the priest and scribe, and the Levites who taught the people said to all the people, “This day is holy to the LORD your God; do not mourn or weep.” For all the people were weeping when they heard the words of the law.

 

 

3 Who is left among you that saw this house in her first glory? And how do ye see it now? is it not in your eyes in comparison of it as nothing?

 

Four years later when the Temple spoken about by Ezekiel is finally built it was greater than the Temple that Solomon built. 

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CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT INDORSE THE TEXT:

 

Ezr 3:12  Yet many of the priests and Levites and heads of fathers’ households, the old men who had seen the first temple, wept with a loud voice when the foundation of this house was laid before their eyes, while many shouted aloud for joy;

Zec 4:9-10  “The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house, and his hands will finish it. Then you will know that the LORD of hosts has sent me to you.

10  “For who has despised the day of small things? But these seven will be glad when they see the plumb line in the hand of Zerubbabel–these are the eyes of the LORD which range to and fro throughout the earth.”

Mat 24:1-2  And Jesus came out from the temple and was going away when His disciples came up to point out the temple buildings to Him.

    And He answered and said to them, “Do you not see all these things? Truly I say to you, not one stone here shall be left upon another, which will not be torn down.”

 

4 Yet now be strong, O Zerubbabel, saith the LORD; and be strong, O Joshua, son of Josedech, the high priest; and be strong, all ye people of the land, saith the LORD, and work: for I am with you, saith the LORD of hosts.

 

Only on the last day accounted for in this brief book did Haggai get back to the

subject of harvests. He said that God wanted his people to “give careful

thought” again─this time to the dramatic difference they would see in their

harvests now that they had put God first. “From this day on I will bless you,”

God said through Haggai (2:18-19).

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CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT ARE CONCLUSIVE AND FINAL:

 

Jos 1:6  “Be strong and courageous, for you shall give this people possession of the land which I swore to their fathers to give them.

Zec 8:9  “Thus says the LORD of hosts, ‘Let your hands be strong, you who are listening in these days to these words from the mouth of the prophets, those who spoke in the day that the foundation of the house of the LORD of hosts was laid, to the end that the temple might be built.

 

5 According to the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so my spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not.

 

This is what we agreed upon when you came out of Egypt.

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CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT RATIFY THE TEXT:

 

Exo 29:45 ,46 “And I will dwell among the sons of Israel and will be their God.

46  “And they shall know that I am the LORD their God who brought them out of the land of Egypt, that I might dwell among them; I am the LORD their God.

Exo 33:14  And He said, “My presence shall go with you, and I will give you rest.”

Exo 34:10  Then God said, “Behold, I am going to make a covenant. Before all your people I will perform miracles which have not been produced in all the earth, nor among any of the nations; and all the people among whom you live will see the working of the LORD, for it is a fearful thing that I am going to perform with you.

Isa 63:11-14  Then His people remembered the days of old, of Moses. Where is He who brought them up out of the sea with the shepherds of His flock? Where is He who put His Holy Spirit in the midst of them,

12 Who caused His glorious arm to go at the right hand of Moses, Who divided the waters before them to make for Himself an everlasting name,

13 Who led them through the depths? Like the horse in the wilderness, they did not stumble;

14  As the cattle which go down into the valley, The Spirit of the LORD gave them rest. So didst Thou lead Thy people, To make for Thyself a glorious name.

Zec 8:15  so I have again purposed in these days to do good to Jerusalem and to the house of Judah. Do not fear!

 

6 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land;

 

In the construction industry scaffolding is built around a building and when the building is completed the scaffolding is removed.  Likewise, when nations have served their purposes they are dismantled.  In Amos you will note the destruction of many nations that were ripe for destruction. 

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CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT BEAR OUT THE TEXT:

 

Hag 2:21  “Speak to Zerubbabel governor of Judah saying, ‘I am going to shake the heavens and the earth.

22  ‘And I will overthrow the thrones of kingdoms and destroy the power of the kingdoms of the nations; and I will overthrow the chariots and their riders, and the horses and their riders will go down, everyone by the sword of another.’

Heb 12:26  And His voice shook the earth then, but now He has promised, saying, “YET ONCE MORE I WILL SHAKE NOT ONLY THE EARTH, BUT ALSO THE HEAVEN.”

27  And this expression, “Yet once more,” denotes the removing of those things which can be shaken, as of created things, in order that those things which cannot be shaken may remain.

28  Therefore, since we receive a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us show gratitude, by which we may offer to God an acceptable service with reverence and awe;

Isa 34:4  And all the host of heaven will wear away, And the sky will be rolled up like a scroll; All their hosts will also wither away As a leaf withers from the vine, Or as one withers from the fig tree.

Jer 51:33  For thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: “The daughter of Babylon is like a threshing floor At the time it is stamped firm; Yet in a little while the time of harvest will come for her.”

Joe 2:30-32  “And I will display wonders in the sky and on the earth, Blood, fire, and columns of smoke.

31  “The sun will be turned into darkness, And the moon into blood, Before the great and awesome day of the LORD comes.

32  “And it will come about that whoever calls on the name of the LORD Will be delivered; For on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem There will be those who escape, As the LORD has said, Even among the survivors whom the LORD calls.

Mat 24:29,30  “But immediately after the tribulation of those days THE SUN WILL BE DARKENED, AND THE MOON WILL NOT GIVE ITS LIGHT, AND THE STARS WILL FALL from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken,

30 and then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the SON OF MAN COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF THE SKY with power and great glory.

 

 

7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.

 

God can and does shake all nations by changing their leaders and by changing their form of government, often this is done by wars.  In my commentary of Amos you will see that nation after nation suffered wars and some were exterminated. 

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CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT SPEAK VOLUMES ABOUT THE TEXT:

 

Eze 21:27  ‘A ruin, a ruin, a ruin, I shall make it. This also will be no more, until He comes whose right it is; and I shall give it to Him.

Dan 2:44  “And in the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which will never be destroyed, and that kingdom will not be left for another people; it will crush and put an end to all these kingdoms, but it will itself endure forever.

Dan 7:20-26  and the meaning of the ten horns that were on its head, and the other horn which came up, and before which three of them fell, namely, that horn which had eyes and a mouth uttering great boasts, and which was larger in appearance than its associates.

21  “I kept looking, and that horn was waging war with the saints and overpowering them

22  until the Ancient of Days came, and judgment was passed in favor of the saints of the Highest One, and the time arrived when the saints took possession of the kingdom.

23  “Thus he said: ‘The fourth beast will be a fourth kingdom on the earth, which will be different from all the other kingdoms, and it will devour the whole earth and tread it down and crush it.

24  ‘As for the ten horns, out of this kingdom ten kings will arise; and another will arise after them, and he will be different from the previous ones and will subdue three kings.

25  ‘And he will speak out against the Most High and wear down the saints of the Highest One, and he will intend to make alterations in times and in law; and they will be given into his hand for a time, times, and half a time.

26  ‘But the court will sit for judgment, and his dominion will be taken away, annihilated and destroyed forever.

Joe 3:9-16  Proclaim this among the nations: Prepare a war; rouse the mighty men! Let all the soldiers draw near, let them come up!

10  Beat your plowshares into swords, And your pruning hooks into spears; Let the weak say, “I am a mighty man.”

11  Hasten and come, all you surrounding nations, And gather yourselves there. Bring down, O LORD, Thy mighty ones.

12  Let the nations be aroused And come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat, For there I will sit to judge All the surrounding nations.

13  Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, tread, for the wine press is full; The vats overflow, for their wickedness is great.

14  Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision! For the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision.

15  The sun and moon grow dark, And the stars lose their brightness.

16  And the LORD roars from Zion And utters His voice from Jerusalem, And the heavens and the earth tremble. But the LORD is a refuge for His people And a stronghold to the sons of Israel.

1Ki 8:11  so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD.

 

8 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts.

 

Probably the people were wandering where the gold would come from since it would take tons to restore the temple. 

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CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT SHED LIGHT ON THE TEXT:

 

1Ki 6:20-34  And the inner sanctuary was twenty cubits in length, twenty cubits in width, and twenty cubits in height, and he overlaid it with pure gold. He also overlaid the altar with cedar.

21  So Solomon overlaid the inside of the house with pure gold. And he drew chains of gold across the front of the inner sanctuary; and he overlaid it with gold.

22  And he overlaid the whole house with gold, until all the house was finished. Also the whole altar which was by the inner sanctuary he overlaid with gold.

23  Also in the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

24  And five cubits was the one wing of the cherub and five cubits the other wing of the cherub; from the end of one wing to the end of the other wing were ten cubits.

25  And the other cherub was ten cubits; both the cherubim were of the same measure and the same form.

26  The height of the one cherub was ten cubits, and so was the other cherub.

27  And he placed the cherubim in the midst of the inner house, and the wings of the cherubim were spread out, so that the wing of the one was touching the one wall, and the wing of the other cherub was touching the other wall. So their wings were touching each other in the center of the house.

28  He also overlaid the cherubim with gold.

29  Then he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved engravings of cherubim, palm trees, and open flowers, inner and outer sanctuaries.

30  And he overlaid the floor of the house with gold, inner and outer sanctuaries.

31  And for the entrance of the inner sanctuary he made doors of olive wood, the lintel and five-sided doorposts.

32  So he made two doors of olive wood, and he carved on them carvings of cherubim, palm trees, and open flowers, and overlaid them with gold; and he spread the gold on the cherubim and on the palm trees.

33  So also he made for the entrance of the nave four-sided doorposts of olive wood

34  and two doors of cypress wood; the two leaves of the one door turned on pivots, and the two leaves of the other door turned on pivots.

35  And he carved on it cherubim, palm trees, and open flowers; and he overlaid them with gold evenly applied on the engraved work.

 1Ch 29:16  “O LORD our God, all this abundance that we have provided to build Thee a house for Thy holy name, it is from Thy hand, and all is Thine.

 Psa 50:10-12  “For every beast of the forest is Mine, The cattle on a thousand hills.

11  “I know every bird of the mountains, And everything that moves in the field is Mine.

12  “If I were hungry, I would not tell you; For the world is Mine, and all it contains.

Isa 60:13  “The glory of Lebanon will come to you, The juniper, the box tree, and the cypress together, To beautify the place of My sanctuary; And I shall make the place of My feet glorious.

Isa 60:17  “Instead of bronze I will bring gold, And instead of iron I will bring silver, And instead of wood, bronze, And instead of stones, iron. And I will make peace your administrators, And righteousness your overseers.

 

9 The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts.

 

While Ezekiel was in exile he wrote about the new Temple that was to be built by the returning exiles.  The complete description is detailed in Ezekiel chapters 41-48

 

10 In the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet, saying,

 

Haggai said that God had glorious plans for Israel, plans that would shake the whole earth. But he referred to God’s presence with them and how all nations would come to this temple.

 

11 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Ask now the priests concerning the law, saying,

 

It was the business of the priests to know what the law said.  They were not to ask what their opinion was but rather what the law said. 

 

12 If one bear holy flesh in the skirt of his garment, and with his skirt do touch bread, or pottage, or wine, or oil, or any meat, shall it be holy? And the priests answered and said, No.

 

The answer was no. This means a good person cannot make another person good. Only God can make someone good. But a bad person can make another person bad! This is what verse 13 means. God says that some Jews are bad. They make the other Jews bad by their association.  Holiness is not infectious.”One bad apple spoils the barrel,” the saying goes; but one good apple doesn’t clean up the rotten ones. In a similar vein, Haggai asked, “Which is contagious, good or evil?” In the Old Testament law, he found that consecrated meat─set aside to be used in sacrificial worship─did not “spread” its holiness. But a person who became “unclean” did spread his or her defilement. Under the Old Testament law, evil spread, but goodness did not. The Israelites’ failure to rebuild the temple had defiled everything they touched even their good deeds.

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CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT VERIFY THE TEXT:

 

Exo 29:37  “For seven days you shall make atonement for the altar and consecrate it; then the altar shall be most holy, and whatever touches the altar shall be holy.

Lev 6:27  ‘Anyone who touches its flesh shall become consecrated; and when any of its blood splashes on a garment, in a holy place you shall wash what was splashed on.

Lev 6:29  ‘Every male among the priests may eat of it; it is most holy.

Eze 44:19  “And when they go out into the outer court, into the outer court to the people, they shall put off their garments in which they have been ministering and lay them in the holy chambers; then they shall put on other garments that they may not transmit holiness to the people with their garments.

Mat 23:19  “You blind men, which is more important, the offering or the altar that sanctifies the offering?

13 Then said Haggai, If one that is unclean by a dead body touch any of these, shall it be unclean? And the priests answered and said, It shall be unclean.

To understand this, think about water. If you put dirty water into clean water, it will all be dirty. If you put clean water into dirty water, it will still all be dirty.

14 Then answered Haggai, and said, So is this people, and so is this nation before me, saith the LORD; and so is every work of their hands; and that which they offer there is unclean.

 

15 And now, I pray you, consider from this day and upward, from before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of the LORD:

 

They are asked to ponder the past and lay it to their hearts so that their course in the future would be different. 

 

16 Since those days were, when one came to an heap of twenty measures, there were but ten: when one came to the pressfat for to draw out fifty vessels out of the press, there were but twenty.

 

Now, think again about this. Think, before you build one stone on another in the temple of the LORD.   When you came for 20 bushels of corn there were only 10. And when you came for 50 wineskins of wine there were only 20.

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CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT GIVE COUNTEREVIDENCE TO THE TEXT:

 

Zec 8:10-12  ‘For before those days there was no wage for man or any wage for animal; and for him who went out or came in there was no peace because of his enemies, and I set all men one against another.

11  ‘But now I will not treat the remnant of this people as in the former days,’ declares the LORD of hosts.

12  ‘For there will be peace for the seed: the vine will yield its fruit, the land will yield its produce, and the heavens will give their dew; and I will cause the remnant of this people to inherit all these things.

Mal 2:2  “If you do not listen, and if you do not take it to heart to give honor to My name,” says the LORD of hosts, “then I will send the curse upon you, and I will curse your blessings; and indeed, I have cursed them already, because you are not taking it to heart.

 

17 I smote you with blasting and with mildew and with hail in all the labours of your hands; yet ye turned not to me, saith the LORD.

 

 I hit you with blight, mildew and hail. I did this to all your work, but you did not turn to me. This is what the LORD says.

 

 

 

 

 

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CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT CONFIRM THE TEXT:

 

Deu 28:22  “The LORD will smite you with consumption and with fever and with inflammation and with fiery heat and with the sword and with blight and with mildew, and they shall pursue you until you perish.

Amo 4:9  “I smote you with scorching wind and mildew; And the caterpillar was devouring Your many gardens and vineyards, fig trees and olive trees; Yet you have not returned to Me,” declares the LORD.

 

18 Consider now from this day and upward, from the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, even from the day that the foundation of the LORD’s temple was laid, consider it.

 

Deu 32:29  “Would that they were wise, that they understood this, That they would discern their future!

Luk 15:17-20  “But when he came to his senses, he said, ‘How many of my father’s hired men have more than enough bread, but I am dying here with hunger!

18  ‘I will get up and go to my father, and will say to him, “Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight;

19  “I am no longer worthy to be called your son; make me as one of your hired men.”‘

20  “And he got up and came to his father. But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him, and felt compassion for him, and ran and embraced him, and kissed him.

Zec 8:9-12  “Thus says the LORD of hosts, ‘Let your hands be strong, you who are listening in these days to these words from the mouth of the prophets, those who spoke in the day that the foundation of the house of the LORD of hosts was laid, to the end that the temple might be built.

10  ‘For before those days there was no wage for man or any wage for animal; and for him who went out or came in there was no peace because of his enemies, and I set all men one against another.

11  ‘But now I will not treat the remnant of this people as in the former days,’ declares the LORD of hosts.

12  ‘For there will be peace for the seed: the vine will yield its fruit, the land will yield its produce, and the heavens will give their dew; and I will cause the remnant of this people to inherit all these things.

 Ezr 6:14  And the elders of the Jews were successful in building through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo. And they finished building according to the command of the God of Israel and the decree of Cyrus, Darius, and Artaxerxes king of Persia.

 

19 Is the seed yet in the barn? yea, as yet the vine, and the fig tree, and the pomegranate, and the olive tree, hath not brought forth: from this day will I bless you.

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CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT ILLUSTRATE THE TEXT:

 

Hab 3:17-18  Though the fig tree should not blossom, And there be no fruit on the vines, Though the yield of the olive should fail, And the fields produce no food, Though the flock should be cut off from the fold, And there be no cattle in the stalls,

18  Yet I will exult in the LORD, I will rejoice in the God of my salvation.

Gen 26:12  Now Isaac sowed in that land, and reaped in the same year a hundredfold. And the LORD blessed him,

Lev 26:3-13  ‘If you walk in My statutes and keep My commandments so as to carry them out,

4  then I shall give you rains in their season, so that the land will yield its produce and the trees of the field will bear their fruit.

5  ‘Indeed, your threshing will last for you until grape gathering, and grape gathering will last until sowing time. You will thus eat your food to the full and live securely in your land.

6  ‘I shall also grant peace in the land, so that you may lie down with no one making you tremble. I shall also eliminate harmful beasts from the land, and no sword will pass through your land.

7  ‘But you will chase your enemies, and they will fall before you by the sword;

8  five of you will chase a hundred, and a hundred of you will chase ten thousand, and your enemies will fall before you by the sword.

9  ‘So I will turn toward you and make you fruitful and multiply you, and I will confirm My covenant with you.

10  ‘And you will eat the old supply and clear out the old because of the new.

11  ‘Moreover, I will make My dwelling among you, and My soul will not reject you.

12  ‘I will also walk among you and be your God, and you shall be My people.

13  ‘I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt so that you should not be their slaves, and I broke the bars of your yoke and made you walk erect.

 

Deu 28:2-4  “And all these blessings shall come upon you and overtake you, if you will obey the LORD your God.

3  “Blessed shall you be in the city, and blessed shall you be in the country.

 “Blessed shall be the offspring of your body and the produce of your ground and the offspring of your beasts, the increase of your herd and the young of your flock.

Psa 128:1  A Song of Ascents. How blessed is everyone who fears the LORD, Who walks in His ways.

 When you shall eat of the fruit of your hands, You will be happy and it will be well with you.

3  Your wife shall be like a fruitful vine, Within your house, Your children like olive plants Around your table.

4  Behold, for thus shall the man be blessed Who fears the LORD.

5  The LORD bless you from Zion, And may you see the prosperity of Jerusalem all the days of your life.

6  Indeed, may you see your children’s children. Peace be upon Israel!

Zec 8:11  ‘But now I will not treat the remnant of this people as in the former days,’ declares the LORD of hosts.

12  ‘For there will be peace for the seed: the vine will yield its fruit, the land will yield its produce, and the heavens will give their dew; and I will cause the remnant of this people to inherit all these things.

13  ‘And it will come about that just as you were a curse among the nations, O house of Judah and house of Israel, so I will save you that you may become a blessing. Do not fear; let your hands be strong.’

 

20 And again the word of the LORD came unto Haggai in the four and twentieth day of the month, saying,

 

21 Speak to Zerubbabel, governor of Judah, saying, I will shake the heavens and the earth.

 

This tells us that God is king of history!  History is the story of the world.  God decides what will happen.   And he decides what will not happen.

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CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT GIVE AUTHORITIVE DATA TO THE TEXT:

 

Psa 46:6  The nations made an uproar, the kingdoms tottered; He raised His voice, the earth melted.

Eze 26:15  Thus says the Lord GOD to Tyre, “Shall not the coastlands shake at the sound of your fall when the wounded groan, when the slaughter occurs in your midst?

 

22 And I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the heathen; and I will overthrow the chariots, and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.

 

I will knock down the kings of the earth. I will destroy the strong *kingdoms of the world. I will destroy their arms and those that use them. Their soldiers will fall from their horses. They will fight each other.

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CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT CARRY WEIGHT REGARDING THE TEXT:

 

Isa 60:12  “For the nation and the kingdom which will not serve you will perish, And the nations will be utterly ruined.

Dan 2:34-35  “You continued looking until a stone was cut out without hands, and it struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay, and crushed them.

35  “Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver and the gold were crushed all at the same time, and became like chaff from the summer threshing floors; and the wind carried them away so that not a trace of them was found. But the stone that struck the statue became a great mountain and filled the whole earth.

Dan 7:25-27  ‘And he will speak out against the Most High and wear down the saints of the Highest One, and he will intend to make alterations in times and in law; and they will be given into his hand for a time, times, and half a time.

26  ‘But the court will sit for judgment, and his dominion will be taken away, annihilated and destroyed forever.

27  ‘Then the sovereignty, the dominion, and the greatness of all the kingdoms under the whole heaven will be given to the people of the saints of the Highest One; His kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom, and all the dominions will serve and obey Him.’

Mic 5:15  “And I will execute vengeance in anger and wrath On the nations which have not obeyed.”

Zep 3:8  “Therefore, wait for Me,” declares the LORD, “For the day when I rise up to the prey. Indeed, My decision is to gather nations, To assemble kingdoms, To pour out on them My indignation, All My burning anger; For all the earth will be devoured By the fire of My zeal.

Zec 14:3  Then the LORD will go forth and fight against those nations, as when He fights on a day of battle.

Psa 46:9  He makes wars to cease to the end of the earth; He breaks the bow and cuts the spear in two; He burns the chariots with fire.

Psa 76:6  At Thy rebuke, O God of Jacob, Both rider and horse were cast into a dead sleep.

2Ch 20:22  And when they began singing and praising, the LORD set ambushes against the sons of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir, who had come against Judah; so they were routed.

Isa 19:2  “So I will incite Egyptians against Egyptians; And they will each fight against his brother, and each against his neighbor, City against city, and kingdom against kingdom.

 

23 In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, will I take thee, O Zerubbabel, my servant, the son of Shealtiel, saith the LORD, and will make thee as a signet: for I have chosen thee, saith the LORD of hosts.

 

Some 78 years before, King Jehoiachin had been captured and taken to Babylon. God had rejected him: “Even if you, Jehoiachin . . . , were a signet ring on my right hand, I would still pull you off” (Jeremiah 22:24). But now his grandson Zerubbabel had come back to Jerusalem, chosen again as the Lord’s “signet ring.” Such a ring was used in place of a signature, to impress the king’s seal on important documents. God had accepted men from the royal line of David as his chosen leaders again. The complete fulfillment of this prophecy would have to wait for Zerubbabel descendant Jesus, a son of David who fully imprinted God’s image on humanity.

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CROSS REFERENCE SCRIPTURES THAT CORROBORATE THE TEXT:

 

Jer 22:24  “As I live,” declares the LORD, “even though Coniah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah were a signet ring on My right hand, yet I would pull you off;

 Isa 49:1-3  Listen to Me, O islands, And pay attention, you peoples from afar. The LORD called Me from the womb; From the body of My mother He named Me.

2  And He has made My mouth like a sharp sword; In the shadow of His hand He has concealed Me, And He has also made Me a select arrow; He has hidden Me in His quiver.

 And He said to Me, “You are My Servant, Israel, In Whom I will show My glory.”

 

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